The British Labour Party

the-british-labour-partyThis center-left British political party came up in 1900 after a syndicates meeting of the Workers Committee took place. The Committee decided it was time for a new political party that stood for the needs of the growing working-class, given that the Conservative and Liberal parties did not focus enough on social issues.

This is considered to be the main left-wing party in England, Scotland and Wales since it won the general elections for the first time in 1920. It became one of the strongest parties the 20th century, together with the Conservative Party.

In 1924, Ramsay MacDonald was appointed Prime Minister, being the first Laborite to attain this position. It was a minority government, which means that the Labor party had few seats in the parliament in spite of the Prime Minister being a Laborite. With the start of the Second World War, the Labor Party joined Winston Churchill’s coalition. After the war, the Laborites won elections 4 times for a period of over 30 years. Once James Callaghan left in 1979, there were no Laborite governments for almost 20 years. Instead, there was a conservative government mostly led by Margaret Thatcher.

The Labor party obtained the majority of votes in the general elections of 1997, under the leadership of Tony Blair; this was the first time they won with more than 40% of votes since 1970. The great majority of Laborite MP’s in the House of Commons was reduced twice after the general elections of 2001 and 2005. Presumably, the Labor Party started losing popularity after Blair decided to support the US Government in the Invasion of Iraq (2003).

Nowadays, the Labor Party is the main party in Wales Government Coalition and in Scotland’s opposition parliament. It has 13 seats in the European Parliament, representing the Progressive Alliance of Socialists and Democrats. It is a member of the Party of European Socialists and of Socialist International. The current Labor Party leader is Jeremy Corbyn.